Cable laying methods that reel cable companies must know

Cable laying methods that reel cable companies must know


In the modern world, cables play a crucial role in transmitting power, signals, and data over long distances. As a result, cable laying has become an essential process for reel cable companies. To ensure efficient and reliable cable installations, it is vital for these companies to be familiar with various cable laying methods. In this article, we will explore some of the key methods that reel cable companies must know.

1. Trenching:

Trenching is one of the most commonly used methods for cable laying. It involves excavating a trench along the desired route and then placing the cable within it. Trenching is suitable for both underground and underwater installations. For underground applications, a trenching machine is used to dig the trench, while for underwater projects, specialized equipment like ploughs or jetting systems are utilized. Trenching offers the advantage of providing protection to the cable from external factors and is often preferred for long-distance installations.

2. Ploughing:

Ploughing is another widely employed method for cable laying, especially for buried cables. A plough is used to cut a narrow trench and simultaneously install the cable in the ground. This technique is particularly useful when dealing with softer soil types. Ploughing minimizes disruption to the surrounding area and requires less manual labor compared to traditional trenching methods. However, ploughing is not suitable for rocky terrains where the soil cannot be easily cut.

3. Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD):

Horizontal Directional Drilling, also known as HDD, is an advanced method used for underground cable installations. This technique involves drilling a small pilot hole at the required depth and then enlarging it using a reaming tool. The cable is then pulled through the enlarged hole. HDD is advantageous in situations where trenching or ploughing is not feasible, such as when crossing rivers, highways, or densely populated areas. It reduces surface disruption and minimizes environmental impact.

4. Submarine Cable Installation:

For cable companies involved in underwater installations, knowledge of submarine cable laying methods is crucial. Submarine cable installation requires specialized vessels and equipment capable of handling large lengths of cable. The most common method used is ploughing or burial, where the submarine cable is buried under the seabed using specially designed ploughs. Another method involves using a cable ship to lay the cable on the ocean floor. These vessels pay out the cable as they move along the designated route. Precise navigation and careful handling are essential for successful submarine cable installations.


Efficient and reliable cable laying methods are vital for reel cable companies. By understanding various techniques like trenching, ploughing, horizontal directional drilling, and submarine cable installation, these companies can ensure the successful and safe installation of cables for their customers. Additionally, staying up-to-date with technological advancements in cable laying methods can help reel cable companies improve their efficiency, reduce costs, and enhance customer satisfaction.

Cable laying methods that reel cable companies must know