Difference and relationship between IoT and AI

Although the Internet of Things, like software engineering, is an emerging industry, it does not exist independently.

On the contrary, it is inextricably linked with big data, artificial intelligence, and cloud computing. Today I will mainly talk about the difference and connection between it and artificial intelligence.

Difference Between IoT and Artificial Intelligence

First, what is the Internet of Things?

  1. The Internet of Things was previously defined as connecting any item to the Internet for information exchange through radio frequency identification (RFID), infrared sensors, global positioning systems, laser scanners, gas sensors and other information sensing devices according to agreed protocols. ,

A network that realizes intelligent identification, positioning, tracking, monitoring and management. In short, the Internet of Things is the “Internet of Things Connected”.

It was later redefined as the combination of almost all current technologies with computer and Internet technologies to realize real-time real-time sharing of environment and status information between objects and intelligent collection, transmission, processing, and execution.

Broadly speaking, the current application of information technology can be included in the scope of the Internet of Things.

Second, what is artificial intelligence?

Artificial intelligence is abbreviated as AI in English. It is a new technical science that studies and develops theories, methods, technologies and application systems for simulating, extending and expanding human intelligence.

Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science that attempts to understand the essence of intelligence and produce a new intelligent machine that can respond in a manner similar to human intelligence. Research in this field includes robotics, language recognition, image recognition , natural language processing, and expert systems.

It is a simulation of the information process of human consciousness and thinking. Artificial intelligence is not human intelligence, but it can think like human beings, and it may exceed human intelligence.

The relationship between IoT and artificial intelligence

AI Provides Powerful Data Expansion for IoT

The Internet of Things can be said to be the collection and sharing of data between connected devices, while artificial intelligence will extract the data and make analysis and conclusions to promote better collaboration between connected devices

AI makes IoT smarter

In IoT applications, artificial intelligence technology can help connected devices cope with emergencies to some extent. When the device detects an abnormal situation, artificial intelligence technology will make further choices for it how to take measures, which can greatly improve the accuracy of handling emergencies.

AI Helps IoT Improve Operational Efficiency

By analyzing and summarizing data information, artificial intelligence interprets the development trend of enterprise service production and makes predictions for future events. For example, using artificial intelligence to monitor the usage of factory equipment parts,

From the data analysis, the possibility of possible problems can be found, and an early warning will be given. In this way, the impact of failures will be greatly reduced and operational efficiency will be improved.

Future Trends of IoT and Artificial Intelligence

internet of things

The Internet of Things is an important part of the new generation of information technology, and it is also an important stage of development in the “informationization” era. The Internet of Things is the Internet of things connected.

Forbes describes IoT as the concept of connecting any device (and/or each other) with the ability to turn it on and off. That said, as long as a device has a switch, it can potentially be configured as part of the Internet of Things.

Imagine a “smart home” device, such as a smart lock, that automatically unlocks when it detects that your phone is nearby; When moving, automatically turn on the light.

It is predicted that applications in two main areas may become the focus of the Internet of Things, namely smart cities and smart homes. easy

The development of the Internet of Things, combined with other devices and systems that generate large amounts of data, is accelerating the realization of artificial intelligence, allowing people to truly create meaning and value from massive amounts of information.

artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science that attempts to understand the essence of intelligence and simulate intelligent machines that respond to humans. In recent years we have not only seen machine vision systems for precision inspection,

Primary intelligent robot systems for assembly operations, natural language interfaces for microcomputers, and various expert systems are also widely used in smart homes, smart buildings, and automotive systems.

And the development of artificial intelligence in the medical industry still has a lot. It is worth noting that iCarbonX aims to establish a digital life ecosystem to realize a personalized health management system,

Flatiron Health, which aims to help oncologists improve the quality of care by organizing data to fight cancer.

AI can help spot subtle details and image changes that humans can’t see. Use large data sets to help prevent health deterioration in healthy populations and those at risk of chronic disease

In the intensive care unit, AI could help identify early signs of an acute attack, or an acute attack such as cardiac arrest.

In remote patient monitoring, AI can enable virtual care, including jobs like virtual nursing assistants.

Internet of Things and Artificial Intelligence Applications

Let’s look at the current applications of the Internet of Things and artificial intelligence with two examples of daily life.

Let’s first look at Google’s unmanned car. Its driving principle is to continuously collect various precise data about the vehicle itself and its surroundings through many sensors installed around the car.

The processor in the car performs analysis and calculation, and then controls the driving of the car according to the calculation results, and transmits the collected data to the central database for all unmanned vehicles.

Each unmanned vehicle can continuously update the database from the cloud, learn various emergencies, and then make the best response actions.

Another example is the intelligent robot Pepper of SoftBank in Japan. In addition to the sensor and voice recognition of the machine itself, it is also equipped with the emotion recognition system of Emotion Engine.

Therefore, it can perceive the user’s emotions and make appropriate actions, and use this cloud computing to learn emotional ability by itself

Future plans can be used as medical care workers, child nannies, elderly care, or business clerks.


Artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things are not independent of each other, but complementary and inseparable. A bit like the relationship between software and hardware,

Artificial intelligence is software and needs the Internet of Things as a carrier. The Internet of Things is hardware and needs artificial intelligence to drive it.